Standards for Innovation: Mapping the global financial landscape in Open Banking
The expansion of Open Banking across the globe has led to a burst of innovation within financial products, leading to improved customer money management where consumers give access, and consent to their data being used. The opportunities to transform the economy and society are even greater with more countries embracing Open Finance and putting in place a secure data-sharing infrastructure across multiple industries and not just banking.
With Open Banking initiatives gaining momentum around the world, a range of different standards are emerging. Smart Data Foundry and Ozone API have collaborated to develop the Standards Library and Innovation Atlas, outlining the features and similarities between different standards being set across the globe. Beyond a general desire to drive innovative outcomes, not all standards are designed with the same intentions in mind. As nations look to allow API access to customer-consented data, itâ€™s clear that the main drivers may differ, from competition and inclusion to stability or innovation.
For the UK, with its ground-breaking Open Banking Standard, increasing competition was key. The Competition and Markets Authorityâ€™s (CMA) 2016 report found that big banks dominated the market and wanted consumers to benefit from introducing other players. Has the mandating of Open Banking worked to achieve this in the UK? The FCA reported in 2022 that large banksâ€™ historic advantages were starting to weaken, in part due to digital innovation.
As well as increasing competition, Open Bankingâ€™s other advantages are consumer based- such as increasing the ease of charitable spending and financial decision-making.
So how do the main objectives of other standards vary?
Countries with financial inclusion in mind in their Open Banking regimes, such as Brazil, Mexico or Indonesia, look to embrace a broader scope of data exchange and invite new participants into the regime to ensure a greater diversity of products and services for the financially vulnerable.
From the outset, Banco Central do Brasilâ€™s goals aimed for a more â€˜inclusive and competitive business environmentâ€™, highlighting the promotion of financial citizenship as one of their four objectives. Also listed were encouraging innovation, promoting competition and increasing the efficiency of the National Financial System and the Brazilian Payment System. From the outset, a broad range of products were included in their standards to tackle these objectives.
The Open Banking move for India was part of a bigger infrastructure build called India Stack, encapsulating a digital identity infrastructure, a digital documents system, a payments system (UPI) and the account aggregator framework. This was part of a massive digital overhaul of the management of the economy, with paperwork dominant, to address financial inclusion. Cross-border interoperability, particularly for remittance payments, is another target being addressed by the nation.
Financial access is a top priority in Mexico for the government, whose Fintech Law was enacted in 2018. However, regulated Open Banking is not yet a reality, but with a FinTech ecosystem growing rapidly and it being a hotbed of software engineering talent, Mexico will be one to watch when Open Banking does come into force.
Finally, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Open Banking has been driven as a pillar of the ambitious vision for Saudi 2030. Open Banking and Open Finance are key enablers in transforming the financial services sector, economy, and society.
As Open Banking standard frameworks are developed globally, it allows for innovative products to spread across borders. Smart Data Foundryâ€™s aizle synthetic data engine looks to drive innovation and produces Open Banking compliant synthetic data. Ozone API provides compliant open API technology to monetize Open Banking globally. The global environment for applying APIs and synthetic data can be understood with Standards for Innovation.
Learn more about the global financial landscape by exploring Smart Data Foundryâ€™sâ€¯Standards for Innovation.
Written by Magdalena Getler and Lucy Lloyd (Smart Data Foundry), Huw Davies, Chris Michael (Ozone API)